– History & Concept of SIT
– Evolution of SIT
The History of Sterile Insect Technique
SIT technology was initiated by E.F. Knipling in the 1930s, when he worked with the screwworm fly, a devastating scourge of cattle in North America. The first successful use of SIT to control screwworm was on the island of Curaçao in 1953.
Since then SIT has been further refined and developed for a number of insect pests mainly by the United States Department of Agriculture and the FAO/IAEA.
SIT has been developed to suppress or eradicate more than 20 insect pests, many of them being fruit flies and other fruit pests. There are at least 15 facilities around the world rearing Mediterranean fruit flies, and another 10 or so rearing other species of fruit flies. Production of sterile pupae varies from approximately 5 million per week to as many as 5 billion per week, the latter at the El Pino Facility in Guatemala.